This article was originally published in The Notebook. In August 2020, The Notebook became Chalkbeat Philadelphia.
Philadelphia’s second-largest charter school has a large budget deficit, a CEO on leave, and some sort of problem related to the identification of special education students.
It’s the kind of financial and administrative turmoil that would draw major headlines at a large, traditional school district. But the K-12 school at the center of the tumult refuses to say much of anything — and only recently published a six-sentence letter on its website explaining that it had made a personnel change.
Despite repeated requests for comment, First Philadelphia Preparatory Charter School in Bridesburg has declined to explain why or how it found itself in, what one official called, a “difficult time of transition.”
Here’s what we know.
Longtime CEO Joseph Gillespie is on a leave of absence and has been replaced, on an interim basis, by Carleene Slowik. The 1,850-student school sent a brief note to parents Wednesday explaining the change — only after WHYY contacted the school and asked for clarification about the leadership situation.
Before that note, the school would not divulge whether Gillespie was still working at First Philadelphia — or even who was in charge of the school, which is affiliated with a charter management company called American Paradigm Schools.
A lawyer representing First Philadelphia said the school had no comment on the situation. Nor would he say who was currently running the campus. Several attempts to reach Gillespie were unsuccessful.
The School District of Philadelphia later confirmed that Carleene Slowik, the school’s former assistant chief academic officer, had taken over as interim CEO.
At a Wednesday evening board meeting last week, Slowik thanked the board for entrusting her “during this difficult time of transition.”
With the board and several staffers gathered around a single table in a small conference room at the school, Slowik said the transition to CEO had been more difficult than anticipated but that it’s “a labor of love.”
No members of the public were present at the board meeting. The sole reporter present was asked to identify himself.
“We do understand it’s a challenging situation,” said board member Barbara Saunders.
During the meeting, several school employees and board members alluded to — but did not explicitly detail — problems regarding the identification of special education students.
Peter Costa, a business manager with the charter consultancy Santilli & Thomson, said the school had a deficit of $1.2 million that was “all related to special education.”
The school has total expenditures of $27.4 million, according to its latest financial reports. If the School District of Philadelphia — which spends about $3.3 billion annually — had a proportionally similar shortfall, it would come out to roughly $147 million.
At the meeting, First Philadelphia’s board approved a measure that will move $700,000 out of reserves to help cover the $1.2 million deficit. It was unclear how the school plans to fill the remaining $500,000 gap.
At several points during the board meeting, school officials, board members, and staff with American Paradigm Schools alluded to a sudden drop in the number of students attending the school who are classified as having special needs.
Costa said First Philadelphia initially budgeted for 360 special education students, but would now budget for 330 special education students.
Though no one stated unequivocally what caused this drop, several people at the board meeting alluded to the idea that First Philadelphia had improperly categorized students as special education students without gathering the necessary documentation.
Gerald Santilli, the CEO of American Paradigm Schools and a former partner of Santilli & Thompson, said that American Paradigm had made a list of “noncompliant” special education files at First Philadelphia.
Charter schools are compensated at a higher rate for special education students than they are for regular education students. First Philadelphia’s budget documents show that the school expected to receive $30,033 for each special education student and $9,328 for each regular education student. Those rates are set by a state formula.
Reclassifying 30 special education students as regular education students would cost First Philadelphia roughly $620,000.
Based on comments from the board meeting, it appears possible the school over-identified special education students and lost money after correcting that error.
School officials declined to be interviewed about the exact nature of the deficit.
Costa also mentioned that First Philadelphia faced rising costs associated with transporting special education students to what are known as “approved private schools.”
If a traditional public or charter school cannot adequately meet the needs of a special education student, the school must pay for that student to attend a specialized private school. The school must also cover transportation costs to and from the private school if the private school is within a certain radius.
The cost of those services has skyrocketed in recent years for the School District of Philadelphia.
Special education costs at charter schools have become a major political talking point recently.
Gov. Tom Wolf has accused some charter schools of deliberately enrolling easier-to-serve special education students to generate extra revenue. Wolf wants the state to change its charter school reimbursement formula so that charter schools receive more money for students with extreme special needs and less money for students with other types of learning disabilities.
Charter advocates see the move as a money grab by traditional public schools and their advocates. And they point out that many of the charter schools that would lose money under this proposed shift operate in high-poverty school districts, such as Philadelphia.
Before First Philadelphia readjusted its figures, 20% of its students were classified as needing special education services. Among traditional public schools in Philadelphia, 16.6% of students are in special education.