This article was originally published in The Notebook. In August 2020, The Notebook became Chalkbeat Philadelphia.
|If a student…||This might help|
|Shows obvious signs of sadness, acts clingy||Listen to concerns and feelings. Educate students about different trauma reactions.|
|Experiences behavior problems that were not as serious before||Stay calm, set limits. Try to get the student back into a regular classroom routine.|
|Has trouble concentrating, paying attention, or getting work done on time||Focus on the present with gentle reminders. Consider modifying work or adding structure.|
|Seems sleepy or irritable due to lack of sleep||Suggest healthy sleep habits, like not viewing,a computer or TV screen right before bed. Consider adjusting work deadlines until sleep is stabilized.|
|Experiences typical trauma reactions such as stomach aches, pounding heart, body aches, fast and shallow breathing||Understand that these may make the student fearful. Teach relaxation strategies such as slow breathing, stretching, physical activity.|
|– Adapted from the National Child Trauma Stress Network|